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An Understanding of Aboriginal Seasons in Sydney

Long before skyscrapers and the bustling Sydney harbour, the Aboriginal peoples of the Sydney region lived in harmony with the land, guided by an intimate understanding of seasonal cycles. Their knowledge was deeply rooted in the natural world, shaped by thousands of years of observation and reverence for the earth’s rhythms.

Sydney’s Aboriginal seasons are characterised by climatic patterns, celestial events and ecological phenomena — each carrying its own significance and teachings. While the exact depiction of seasons may vary among different Aboriginal groups, a common thread of respect for nature binds them together.

In this blog we’ll explore Sydney’s Aboriginal Seasons, each offering its own unique blend of beauty and significance:

Gadalung Marool (Hot and Dry Season):

Beginning around December, Gadalung Marool ushers in the hot and dry season. This season is characterised by clear skies, parched earth and a sense of stillness enveloping the landscape. For the Aboriginal peoples of Sydney, Gadalung Marool is a time for storytelling, ceremony and spiritual renewal — as communities gather to share wisdom passed down through generations.

Tugarah Tuli (Cold and Wet Season):

As summer transitions into autumn, Tugarah Tuli brings relief from the scorching heat, with cooler temperatures and occasional rains. Rivers begin to flow again and the land comes alive with a vibrant green hue. This season typically occurs from March to May and is a time of rejuvenation and growth, as plants flourish and animals thrive amidst the abundance of food and water.

Murrai’yunggory (Cold and Dry Season):

Murrai’yunggory begins in winter, bringing crisp mornings, clear skies and chilly winds. Occurring from June to August, this season is a time of reflection and introspection — as nature withdraws into a state of dormancy, preparing for the renewal of life in the months ahead. For the Aboriginal peoples of Sydney, Murrai’yunggory is a season of quiet contemplation, where fireside gatherings foster community bonds and shared wisdom.

Bana’murrai’yunggory (Warm and Dry Season):

With the arrival of spring in September, Bana’murrai’yunggory paints the landscape with colour, as wildflowers bloom in abundance and new life emerges from the earth. This season is characterised by mild temperatures, gentle breezes and renewal — as nature awakens from its winter slumber. For the Aboriginal peoples of Sydney, Bana’murrai’yunggory is a time of celebration and gratitude, as they honour the interconnectedness of all living things and the cycle of life.

To learn more about incorporating Aboriginal Culture and Education into your school or workplace, please contact our head office at or (02) 47 300 400.


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111 Henry Street, Penrith NSW 2750
(02) 47 300 400